Indubitably, the cryptocurrency market has caught the attention of investors and traders, who are engaging vigorously due to its volatile nature. The crypto market has reached a market capitalisation of ca. $400 billion, half of which is in Bitcoin ($140bn) and Ethereum ($70bn). Crypto markets are affected on a large scale by regulatory and sentiment factors, which makes technical analysis desirable, hence many CTAs that apply such techniques have added cryptocurrencies in their trading portfolios. One of the theories that could reveal patterns is the Elliott Wave Principle, developed in the late 1920s and believing that the swings of market psychology appear in similar repetitive patterns, which Elliot classified as waves. The waves were essentially the consistencies of investors’ reactions to external factors. Despite the principle’s popularity, its difficulty to be applied should be stressed out as investors attempt to analyse the patterns. The divergence in opinions about the Bitcoin’s price projection highlights the predicaments in applying theories and considering the unregulated nature of crypto markets all theories may lead to a worth of zero. The main and biggest issue that technical traders face is defining the duration and length of the first wave and then to apply the rules, therefore many traders that analyse the same horizon may end up with different signals. The other hurdle is the applicability of the principle in cryptocurrencies. This perspective will consider it applicable due to the sentiment driven Bitcoin, although this may change in the future with the inclusion of more computerised trading. For the purpose of this perspective, we will examine different time horizons and the most recent crashes and rallies of the Bitcoin price.
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